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Probing the onset of multifragmentation by Coulomb chronometry

D. Gruyer et al

Phys. Rev. C 92, 064606 – Published 14 December 2015

Link to arXivversion

In 129Xe+natSn central collisions from 8 to 25 MeV/nucleon, the three-fragment exit channel occurs with a significant cross section. We show that these fragments arise from two successive binary splittings of a heavy composite system. The sequence of fragment production is determined. Strong Coulomb proximity effects are observed in the three-fragment final state. A comparison with Coulomb trajectory calculations shows that the time scale between the consecutive breakups decreases with increasing bombarding energy, becoming quasisimultaneous above excitation energy E∗=4.0±0.5MeV/nucleon. This transition from sequential to simultaneous breakup was interpreted as the signature of the onset of multifragmentation for the three-fragment exit channel in this system.